Rhode Island Red chickens are one of, if not the most popular breed of chicken for breeding, egg farming, and for meat. If you’re interested in raising Rhode Island Red chickens for meat, you’ve made a great choice. Rhode Island Reds are known for their even temperament, which can be especially important if you’re planning to keep males around. They are also well-loved for the large, brown eggs they are known for laying in large quantities. Many experienced farmers say that just one Rhode Island Red can lay as many as five to six eggs a week! They are also prized for their meat as they are relatively large, muscular birds.
They are also inexpensive to obtain. Male chicks tend to only cost around $1.50, and female chicks usually cost approximately $2.50. Finally, the Rhode Island Red breed is known for being very hardy. This means they are healthy, strong, and relatively low maintenance. All in all, if you are looking into tending chickens for food for the first time, then you will do very well to choose Rhode Island Reds. Your choice will give you the greatest chance of success and satisfaction.
Your Guide to Raising Rhode Island Red Chickens for Meat
While Rhode Island Reds are relatively forgiving to raise, that does not mean they don’t require a fair amount of work. But if you take good care of them, they will reward you handsomely.
Starting From Day Old Chicks
Unless you start with grown chickens from a neighbor, or elsewhere, you are likely to start with day-old chicks. You will need to construct a brooder, which is relatively simple. Your first brooder can consist of a box with straw or sawdust and a heat lamp.
Monitor them closely to ensure they do not develop issues such as pasting. They should feel modestly warm to the touch while they are small and helpless, but no warmer than that. Be sure the sawdust remains soft and dry.
It is advisable that you construct a higher quality brooder after the first season from wood or tin since cardboard will rot. Clean your brooder and refresh the sawdust at least once a week.
Shelter & Roaming
Rhode Island Reds are what is known as a “roaming” breed. This means that they prefer to have a large area in which to wander, forage, and explore. You can deprive them of the space they tend to want, but know that you will be doing so at a cost. Chickens that are unhappy will not flourish. They will produce fewer eggs, breed less often, and they may even become visibly depressed.
Their hardy natures make them well suited to roaming, and if you have the space to provide to them it is strongly recommended that you do. If you do not have a lot of room to give them for roaming, they may still do well. If they must remain confined to a small area or to the coop for extended periods of time, you should monitor them closely for health and emotional issues. If they fail to flourish, then a change may be required to keep them healthy.
By giving them lots of space, you will enable them to benefit from a richer diet. This is because they will hunt bugs, and the more bugs they eat- the healthier they will be, and their eggs will be more nutritious. Sometimes, they will even eat frogs and mice, which is ideal- believe it or not.
When it comes to your chicken coop, you will want to be sure to construct a high-quality structure. It should be well insulated and free of cracks. While the Red is a sturdy animal, they are also daring. This means that they will experience physical exertion and exposure to the elements. Because of this, they should have a solid and secure shelter in which to rest and recover. If you have especially cold winters, their Malay genetics will serve them well, but you should still provide them with a heat lamp to protect them from freezing temperatures.
It is also important for the birds to have a solid shelter to retreat to when they must escape predators, which are almost certain to be a problem at some point.
Rhode Island Red Rooster Care
If you have an especially aggressive rooster, it can be a danger to your hens, to other animals, and can even cause minor injuries to humans with its spur. While curtailing a rooster’s attitude might not be in the cards, managing that spur is well within your reach with filing, clipping, and sheath removal.
- Filing: The outer shell of the spur is made of keratin, just like human fingernails which means filing is quite possible. Many successful chicken farmers use a Dremel tool with a sanding attachment. Wrap your rooster in a blanket or towel to immobilize him. File the spur down, taking care not to reach the bone. If you are doing this for the first time, it is best to simply take the point off the spur and stop. This way, you are unlikely to injure the bird.
- Clipping: Choose a set of clippers that fit around the spur easily. Be sure the clipper blades are very sharp to make the procedure go quickly and cleanly, with minimal stress to the bird. Cut the top of the spur, removing the sharp point, remaining far from the bone. You may file down the edges of the clipped spur with a file if you wish.
- Sheath Removal: Rather than risking cutting the rooster’s bone, you might opt to simply remove the sheath. The sheath is the outermost layer of keratin and removing it will expose the unsharpened second layer. To do this, you will need two potatoes (one for each spur) and a set of pliers. Heat one potato in the microwave on medium for about ten minutes. Insert the spur into the heated potato, but not so far that it makes contact with the shank, as it will hurt him. Hold it in this position for about three minutes. This will cause the sheath to become soft. Then remove the potato and use the pliers to twist the sheath free of the spur. Do the same for the other side.
Attempting to remove the sheath this way may fail the first time you try it. Do not be discouraged. Simply try again, or clip and file the tip of the spur if you’ve had enough.
Daily Care Tasks for Rhode Island Reds
There are a few special health and care considerations peculiar to Rhode Island Reds, which you should be aware of.
Check & Clean the Water Trough
Regularly inspect the watering trough for cleanliness. The more you refresh the water, the less likely it will be to develop mold, fungus, and the like. If you use cleaning products you must make sure to rinse it very thoroughly since even a small amount of bleach or ammonia can harm your chickens.
Feed Your Chickens
Feeding chickens is easy, especially if they are free-roaming. Hand feed them with a hanging feeder daily or as needed.
Collecting eggs should be done daily to prevent the eggs from being damaged or dirtied. This is also the best way to make certain your eggs are good and fresh.
Once a month, you should check, clean, and refresh the chicken’s bedding. Remove soiled or moldy bedding and replace it as needed.
Freshen Nest Boxes
Chicken poop will need to be cleaned up regularly. See to this at least once a month. The more often you do it, the less difficult it will be. In constructing your coop, you may consider a design that is amenable to pressure washing.
Heaters and/or heat lamps and insulation will be necessary if temperatures dip below zero in your location.
Chicken Care FAQ
Q – Do You Need Roosters to Get Eggs?
A – No. Hens will lay unfertilized eggs regularly. These are the ones that we eat.
Q – How Much Work Does Raising Chickens Require?
A – If your coop is well made and your set up is right, you can expect to care for your chickens an average of twenty minutes a day, occasionally more.
Q – How Noisy Are Chickens?
A – Moderately noisy. Roosters are loud, and they crow quite loudly at dawn.
Q – What if a Chicken Gets Sick?
A – If a chicken becomes ill or injured, you should take it to the vet if you wish it to recover.
Q – Can I have Just One Pet Chicken?
A – Yes, but it is not advised. Chickens are highly social creatures, not unlike humans, and they will only thrive amongst other healthy chickens. You should have at least two.